Some citizens of Lublin may be able to recognize the place where the boy stands.
People pass it every day, not paying attention to it. When we look at this photograph, we cannot even specify when it was taken. Perhaps before the war? Or maybe after the war, in the 1950s or the 1960s? Thousands of similar pictures of kids are taken in the streets every day.
However, behind this seemingly casual photo there is the life story of a little Jewish boy, born in 1933 in Lublin, whose name was Henio Żytomirski. He is the kid in the picture. Six year old Henio was to start primary school on 1 September 1939. Yet, World War II broke out on that day and Henio never went to school. He died in 1942 in a gas chamber of Majdanek Nazi concentration camp.
This photograph is the last in the series of his pictures taken by his father every year. The photos have survived and they can be arranged into a small album. Turning over its pages, we can see the photographs of Henio from 1933, 1934 and so on, until the last one from 1939.
When you walk past the place where Henio was standing while his father took this photo of him, think for a moment about this little Jewish boy. We will tell you now his story.
Translated by: Piotr Wojcieszuk
The photograph was taken on 5 July 1939.
The boy stands at the steps of a building. The background indicates the place where the picture was taken. The pre-war address was: 64 Krakowskie Przedmieście Street, the building of the Bank Gospodarstwa Krajowego.
The boy stopped for a moment, perhaps during a walk. He was to start school on 1 September 1939. This is his story – a story of a Jewish boy from Lublin, which ended in Majdanek Nazi concentration camp in 1942.
Henio Żytomirski was born in 1933 in Lublin. He lived with his parents Szmuel and Sara Żytomirski in a house at 3 Szewska Street. A dozen or so of his photos survived from the period prior to World War II. They show the boy at various occasions: embraced by his father, with his mother in Litewski Square, with his grandfather in Krakowskie Przedmieście Street, at a birthday party, or at the farewell to his uncle Leon leaving for Palestine in 1937.
The fate of Henio during the war is not known in detail. Without doubt, after the establishment of the ghetto in Podzamcze, Henio’s family moved from 3 Szewska Street to the building at 11 Kowalska Street. From there, Henio and his father were relocated to the ghetto in Majdan Tatarski. Then they were moved to Majdanek. And it is there where Henio’s story ends.
Watch >>> Gallery of Henio’s photographs
Watch >> Gallery of the Żytomirski family’s photographs
The story of the Żytomirski family has been reconstructed with the help of their relative Neta Żytomirska – Avidar, who, having visited the „Grodzka Gate – NN Theatre” Centre, handed over the albums telling about the fate of Henio and his family.
Neta Żytomirska – Avidar lives in Israel. Her father is Leon Żytomirski, Henio’s uncle, who emigrated from Poland just before the war. Neta Avidar is a graphic artist. In 2007 she came to Lublin with the exhibition of her works whose subject matter concerns human feelings: hidden anxieties, suffering and desires, inspired by war experiences of her family.
The albums containing information about Henio Żytomirski and the fate of his family are very special documents. Through them, the story of one person becomes the symbolic fate of Jewish citizens of Lublin who perished during the war.
“Letters to Henio”
We were so deeply moved by the story of Henio that we decided to do something in order to commemorate him.
These are various actions of the educational and inspirational character. Trying to preserve the memory of Henio, we suggested the following ideas:
– writing letters to Henio;
– the last photograph (marking the space) and visiting places connected with Henio’s life;
– projects of teachers who participate every year in the action „Letters to Henio”.
A booklet about Henio has been published, containing photographs from the albums handed over by Neta Żytomirska – Avidar.
Watch >>> Gallery with the booklet about Henio
The story of Henio was also included in the exhibition „A Primer. The Life of Children in Majdanek Concentration Camp” presented in the former Nazi concentration camp Majdanek, barrack no. 53.
The story of Henio was an inspiration behind the multimedia presentation entitled “Henio Żytomirski. A Story,” which includes archive material and photos from the actions “Letters to Henio,” as well as the song “Małe dzieci po to są” (“That’s what little kids are for”) performed by Anna Maria Jopek.
The materials compiled by:
Marta Grudzińska, Monika Krzykała,
Beata Markiewicz, Piotr Sztajdel
Edited by: Joanna Zętar
Translated by: Piotr Wojcieszuk